Published at Thursday, February 28th, 2019 - 04:53:48 AM. Fence. By Ivonne Morice.
INSTALLATION- Layout-Carefully layout your fence line so you can measure the length, corner posts, gates, etc. that you will need for the job. Gates comes in 3, 4, 6 and 8 widths. Larger widths are available by special order. WRITE down the measurements. Do not try and remember when you get to the store. With your measurements in hand, get a beverage and we will figure out what you need. Corner posts are easy to count. How many corners have you put in the fence? Lets say 4 for this example. Write down 4 corner posts. Gates. How many do you want and what size? Is there lawn inside the fenced area? Do you have to go inside with your lawn tractor to mow? Make sure at least one gate is wide enough. Ok, we decided we need one 3 gate for a sidewalk and one 6 gate for mowing, cleaning, etc. WRITE it down on your materials list. In our example our fence is 36 long on each side to form a square. Gates are one in each of two sides. Therefore, the other two sides need 2 x 36 of fencing or 72. WRITE it down. One side has a 6 gate so 30 of fencing is required. The other gate is 3 wide so 33 of fencing is required for the last side. Now add all the fence figures together and we find we need 135 of fencing required. Posts-If we know the fencing we have chosen comes in 6 lengths we will need a post every 6 feet and each side of each gate. A little math shows we need 25 posts. One post every 6, plus one extra to hold the 3 gate. WRITE it down. You will use approximately one bag of bagged concrete per post for anything over 4 high. These are your basic materials plus some misc. nails and scrap lumber for braces are also required. Go purchase your items and place in the area they are to be installed. Pressure treated fence posts come in both round and square shapes. Lengths generally vary from 6 to 12 long. Why so long? If you are installing a 6 fence you will need to bury at least 3 feet in the ground to support it. That means a 9 post. Posts come in other wood types as well. Cedar, redwood, and willow posts are still available in some areas. Willow posts if left untreated can re-root and create a living fence in wet areas.
INSTALLATION- Do we have all our materials? OK lets go. Starting in one corner, dig your first post hole. Dont cheat. A shallow hole will weaken your fence and shorten its life span. A 12 wide hole is acceptable for fence posts. Now continue down one side of the fence line until all the holes are dug. If you are using a pair of hand post hole diggers, your arms are now worn out. If you are using a power post hole auger that you rented, it should make short work of this chore. Place your two end posts in their holes. Plumb them using your 4 level and install two temporary braces on each to hold them plumb. With this done Im going to save your some work here. Pour a bag of the bagged of concrete into each hole DRY. OH, OH. Where is the concrete? You didnt get it? Did you write it down? If you look back I didnt tell you to. OK. Go get the concrete, you need a break anyway. Seriously, it is a good habit to start to write down all the items you need before you go shopping. It saves a lot of time and extra trips. OK now with a dry bag of concrete in each hole; hook up your garden hose without a nozzle. Start placing water on top of the dry concrete and by using your shovel to prod the concrete in an up and down motion and pushing the hose in and out of the concrete it will mix right in the hole. Dont make it too wet. Somewhat soupy is fine but try not to separate the ingredients with too much water. There are several brands of redi-mix bagged concrete available and they will all work this way. You can now start on the holes for the 2nd side while the concrete dries for the first two posts. Perform the same function with the next corner post and the 4th post until all corner posts are set in concrete. Go back to your first two posts. Using your string line, tie it to the first post and run it to the next corner post and tie it off making it as taught as you can between the posts. MAKE SURE THE STRING IS TIGHT AGAINST THE SAME SIDE OF BOTH POSTS. If you use the inside or outside it doesnt matter as long as they are both the same. Now you can install the mid posts without a lot of measuring. By simply pacing the post against the string, you will have them all in the same line. Check carefully that your spacing is correct between posts. The posts may be off center of the holes but thats OK. With all the posts in on one side, pour them in concrete. Try not to leave holes open overnight both for protection against rain and children or animals falling into them. Work your way around your fencing until all the posts are set.
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